To contest the decision (i.e., the ruling) of the social security provider, the insured must file a suit against the ruling of the social security provider before the regional courts acting as "labor and social courts" (in Vienna: Labor and Social Court). The local competent court is the court of the district where the insured (i.e., the plaintiff) has his/her residence or customary abode. There are special rules on jurisdiction that apply to the insured person’s residence or customary abode in certain countries (e.g., Germany, Liechtenstein). In these cases the plaintiff also has choices in terms of the competent court.
If there is neither a residence nor a customary abode in Austria or in one of these countries, jurisdiction shall then be based on the domicile of the social security provider, i.e., the domicile of the defendant (section 7 ASGG).